Drug dependence used for the treatment of attention deficit disorder with or without hyperactivity (ADHD) is increasing in American adolescents according to various indications.
Research from the University of Wisconsin, published in 2002, showed that nearly one in five college students had used drugs such as Ritalin and Adderall illegally. Here you will know more about Adderall abuse in college.
In 2005, Indiana University research showed that almost 7% of the 44,232 high school students surveyed in 1998 had used Ritalin without a prescription. Two and a half percent said they would take it at least every month.
And according to a 2003 report in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, calls to poison centers for overdoses of Ritalin increased 7-fold between 1993 and 1999.
Ritalin has long been the treatment the most common for ADHD. Other examples of stimulants prescribed are Concerta, Adderall and Dexedrine.
Ritalin is considered a safe medicine when used as directed. At dosages prescribed for the treatment of TADH, it does not make you euphoric and does not lead to addiction. The potential for abuse occurs when people, especially those who do not have TADH, take the drug without medical supervision. People take non-prescribed doses for euphoria, lose weight or stay alert for long meetings or a night of study.
The common side effects of Ritalin, Adderall and Dexedrine abuse are tremors, restlessness, high heart rate and high blood pressure. Other possible effects are severe psychiatric complications, including psychotic episodes, hallucinations, paranoia, and bizarre behaviors. Serious long-term consequences are rare. The abuse of Ritalin is addictive but is less than that caused by amphetamines and cocaine.
Withdrawal symptoms, if the medication is stopped abruptly, may be depression, extreme fatigue and weakness. They are often so discouraging that they promote further abuse.
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